Malignant mesothelioma is no longer rare case but still uncommon cancer to be found. It is a difficult cancer to diagnose and poorly responsive to therapy. Malignant mesothelioma attacks layer of specialized cells called mesothelial cells lines the chest cavity, abdominal cavity, and the cavity around the heart. The cancer cells cover the outer surface of most internal organs and the tissue formed by these cells which called mesothelium. Mesothelium tumors can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Most mesothelial tumors are cancerous.
What is the mesothelium?
Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer which attack mesothelium (a membrane that covers and protects most of the internal organs of the bod) and still incurable makes this disease is serious cancer and terrifying. Mesothelium is composed of two layers of cells: One layer immediately surrounds the organ; the other forms a sac around it. Lubricating fluid is produced in mesothelium. The fluid has function to allow organs to move and glide easily agains adjacent structures such as beating heart and the expanding and contracting lungs. The fluid is released between the layers.
What Is My Diagnosis?
Mesothelium cells are cell which responsible to protect vital organs such as lungs, heart and abdomen in the body. There are three types of mesothelioma; pleural mesothelioma, peritoneal mesothelioma and pericardial mesothelioma. ). Sub-types (or cell types) of mesothelioma are epithelioid (the most common, and considered the most amenable to treatment), sarcomatous (a much more aggressive form), and biphasic or mixed (a combination of both of the other cell types).
Pleural mesothelioma is the most common form of mesothelioma. It is about 2/3 or mesothelima patients suffer from pleural mesothelioma. This type of mesothelioma is less common among mesothelioma patients. About 1/3 of the patients suffer from this type of mesothelioma. Pericardial mesothelioma is is rare form of the cancer. It attacks lining of the heart and also caused because of asbestos exposure.
Mesothelium has symptoms such as:
- difficulty in breathing
- loss in weight
- blood in sputum
- chest pain
- weak muscles
- reduced tactile sensitivity